A grievance is defined by the Oxford English Dictionary as "the infliction of wrong or hardship on a person". The middle section of the Declaration of Independence lists 27 grievances; most begin with "He has..." and the "He" is King George III. The 13th grievance, which begins, "He has combined with others..." includes 9 grievances beginning with "For..."
We are unable to answer questions about the value of copies of the Declaration of Independence. But, you can use our Which Version is This, and Why Does it Matter? resource to help determine the importance of a copy, before going to a rare books and manuscripts dealer or appraiser to inquire about its value.
There is only one copy of the engrossed and signed Declaration of Independence, in the National Archives in Washington, D.C. This copy was produced and signed several weeks after the Declaration of Independence was first published.
It is estimated that John Dunlap produced 200 copies of his broadside of the Declaration of Independence, the first printing of the text. Of that original number, there are 26 known copies of the Dunlap broadside in the world today. The Dunlap broadside did not include
The 2004 movie National Treasure alleged (among other historically crazy things) that there is a secret map on the back of the Declaration of Independence. There is no map, but there is something on the back of the engrossed and signed parchment. A label at the bottom of the parchment reads, "Original Declaration of Independence dated 4th July 1776". This handwritten note gives a real clue into the history of the Declaration of Independence, which spent
George Washington, John Jay, Alexander Hamilton, and James Madison are typically counted as "Founding Fathers", but none of them signed the Declaration of Independence.
General George Washington was Commander of the Continental Army, and was defending New York City in July 1776. As instructed by John Hancock, Washington read the Declaration of Independence to the army on July 9th.
John Jay was a delegate to the Continental Congress in 1775-1776 (and would later become its President), but was recalled by his home state in May. He was initially more
48 of the 56 signers were born in America. Two were born in England (Button Gwinnett, Robert Morris), two in Ireland (George Taylor, Matthew Thornton), two in Scotland (James Wilson, John Witherspoon), one in Northern Ireland (James Smith), and one in Wales (Francis Lewis).
The text of the Declaration of Independence, from "When in the course of human events" through "our sacred honor", is approximately 1,320 words long. Some versions of the text add, subtract, or change words, which affects the word count. If you include the title from the engrossed parchment, "In Congress, July 4, 1776. The unanimous Declaration of the thirteen united States of America," the total word count is 1,337. If you include the names of the 56 signers, the total word count is 1,458.
56 delegates to the Continental Congress signed the engrossed Declaration of Independence. Most of the signers voted in favor of independence on July 2nd. Some delegates who voted for independence did not sign the Declaration, and some signers were not delegates to Congress at the time of the vote.
The 56 Signers of the Declaration of Independence are (in alphabetical order):
John Adams (MA), Samuel Adams (MA), Josiah Bartlett (NH), Carter Braxton (VA), Charles Carroll of Carrollton (MD), Samuel Chase (MD), Abraham Clark (NJ), George Clymer (PA),